In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves fertilizing an egg with sperm outside the body, in a laboratory dish or test tube. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the uterus for implantation and development.
IVF is typically recommended for couples who have been trying to conceive for a year or more without success, or for women who have certain medical conditions that make conception difficult or impossible. It can also be used in cases where there is a risk of passing on a genetic disorder to the child.
The IVF process involves several steps, including ovulation induction to stimulate the production of multiple eggs, egg retrieval, fertilization of the eggs with sperm in a laboratory dish, and transfer of the resulting embryos to the uterus. In some cases, embryos may be frozen for future use.
IVF can be a complex and expensive procedure, and success rates can vary depending on a number of factors, including the age of the woman, the quality of the sperm and eggs, and the skill and experience of the medical team. However, IVF has helped many couples around the world to overcome fertility problems and start families.