A general body test is an investigation of the entire body systems.
In medical laboratory, some patients often walked in and request for general test.
Most of these patients are the one that weren’t refer by medical personnels.
Why This patients request for General Test?
Most of the patient that request for general test are the one that has reocurent symptoms of general body pains and they have done several treatments without test, an no improvement.
Did we have General Test?
Did we actually have general test as some patients often requested?
The answer is yes, there are general test, but many people who often come for the test can’t afford the cost, because general body test will include all x-ray, Scan, all clinical Chemistry Test, microbiology and others, which will cost close to millions Naira if not above.
But the scientist who have experience and have work for sometimes will ask the patient some basic question, the question will help the scientist to outline some basic test, the test will be inline with the patient complain.
In some case, the Laboratory may have Dr. Which the patient can consult before doing the test.
The Doctor will help observe and ask the you the patient some questions, this question will guide the doctor to prescribe basic test for you.
Here are the basics test request in Haematological department.
1. Blood Pregnancy Test (HCG)
2. Urine Pregnancy Test (HCG)
3. Full Blood Count (FBC)
4. Pack Cell Volume (PCV)
5. Blood Grouping.
6. Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
8. Widal test.
9. HIV Screening.
10. HBSA Screening etc
Here are some common test request in Microbiology Laboratory.
1. Urine Microscopy.
2. Urine Microscopic culture and Sensitivity M/C/S.
3. Stool Microscopy
4. Stool Microscopic culture and Sensitivity M/C/S.
5. Occult blood in Stool
6. High Vagina Swab Microscopic culture and Sensitivity HVS M/C/S.
7. Urethral Microscopic culture and Sensitivity M/C/S.
8. Blood Culture/Sensitivity.
9. Blood Microfilaria
10. Seminal Fluid Analysis and Microscopic culture and Sensitivity M/C/S.
Common Medical Laboratory Investigation (Test)
1. Human Immuno deficiency syndrome (HIV)
2. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).
3. Packed Cells Volume (PCV)
4. Malaria Parasites (MP)
6. Blood Group.
8. Pregnancy Test (PT)
9. H. Pylori.
10. Full Blood Count (FBC).
11. Red Blood Cell (RBC).
12. Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
Medical Laboratory test is the same all over the world, but base on the endemic of particular infection, some societies tend to limit the required investigation.
Nigeria is not an exemption.
Because excess of Mosquitoes who help in transmitting Malaria, MP, Malaria parasites is one of the common test Request in Nigeria.
And often if not difficult to see Nigerian that is completely free of Malaria Parasites.
Another test common in Nigeria is PCV, Packed Cell Volume.
Malaria Parasites engulf in red blood cells, thereby destroy the blood cells, hence people that suffered from malaria infection often have low blood percentage.
Sugar test, Widal test, RVS, blood group, Genotype and others basic test are Request in Nigeria today.