Calcium is chemical substances that form structural mineral in our bones.
Calcium is major cation in the body system.
There are many Medical Laboratory method available for the estimation of calcium levels in our body Plasma or serums.
Some among of this method depends on the precipitation of insoluble salt of Calcium.
Atomic absorption flame Photometry and Titration with Ethylene Diamine Tetraceptic Acids, (EDTA), are the most widely used method in the laboratory.
Another method which has become popular too, is Dye-Binding Method, e.g. methyl-thymol blue or cresophthalen complexone method.
Hypercalcemia as the name imply is excess of Calcium in the body system.
That is, there are present of Calcium above the normal or reference range in the blood cells.
High level of Calcium (Hypercalcemia) are often found in the following conditions; hypothyroidism, cancer metastases in bones, alkalosis (diet for peptic ulcer) hypervitaminosis.
The opposite of Hypercalcemia is Hypocalcemia.
It a condition when the present of Calcium in the blood cells doesn’t reach the Normal or Reference range.
Lower level of Calcium in the blood is called Hypocalcemia.
Often Hypocalcemia are found in the following conditions; hypoparathyroidism, Rickets, chronic glomerulonephritis, acute pancreatitis and malabsorption syndrome.