Disease and Treatment

Cause of Premature ovarian failure (POF), and treatment

Premature ovarian failure (POF), also known as premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), is a condition in which the ovaries stop functioning normally before the age of 40. This can lead to infertility and other health problems. The exact cause of POF is not always clear, but it may be due to genetic factors, autoimmune disorders, chemotherapy …

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What is Ovulation disorders?

Ovulation disorders refer to a condition where a woman is unable to release an egg from her ovaries in a regular manner, either intermittently or completely. Ovulation Disorders complications Ovulation disorders can have various effects on a woman’s reproductive system and overall health. Some of the possible effects of ovulation disorders include: Types of Ovulation …

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What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a serious medical condition that affects the female reproductive system. It is caused by an infection in the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries or other parts of the female reproductive tract. PID usually occurs as a result of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Other bacteria that can …

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Cause of Female Infertility

Infertility in females refers to the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term after trying for a certain period of time, usually a year or more of regular unprotected intercourse. Infertility can have various causes, including hormonal imbalances, problems with the reproductive organs, medical conditions, and lifestyle factors. Here are some of the …

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Spastic Colon, Irritable Colon

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Functional bowel disorder: motility disturbance of the entire gastrointestinal tract (GIT) resulting in recurrent symptoms of pain, constipation and/or diarrhoea and bloating. General Measure of IBS Reassure patient, after limited investigations, that there is no serious organic disorder. Dietary advice by dietician. Medicine for Treating IBS Not specifically indicated. Based …

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Gastrointestinal Disorder: Colitis Ulcerative (UC)

DESCRIPTION Idiopathic and chronic intestinal inflammation. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a mucosal disease that almost always involves the rectum and may extend proximally to all or part of the colon. Note: There are more common infective causes of bloody stools e.g. amoebiasis and schistosomiasis, and dysentery e.g. shigellosis, which should be excluded. GENERAL MEASURES Surveillance …

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Alimentary Track: Crohn’s Disease (CD)

DESCRIPTION Idiopathic and chronic intestinal inflammation. This is a transmural inflammatory condition affecting mainly the distal ileum or colon, but may affect the entire gastro-intestinal tract. Common complications are intestinal obstruction and abscess formation. GENERAL MEASURES Smoking cessation, as smoking is a strong predictor of relapse. Refer to dietician for dietary advice. MEDICINE TREATMENT Antidiarrhoeal …

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Diverticulitis

GENERAL MEASURES Increase unprocessed foods in diet. Supplement with bran. MEDICINE TREATMENT Localised diverticulitis: • Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, oral, 875/125 mg 12 hourly. Severe disease: • Ampicillin, IV, 1 g 6 hourly. PLUS • Gentamicin, IV, 6 mg/kg daily. PLUS • Metronidazole, IV, 500 mg 8 hourly. REFERRAL » Clinical deterioration or failure to improve. » …

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