When there is dropped in Red Blood Cells, (RBCs) hemoglobins or volume of Packed Cells Volume (PCV), dropped abruptly, it refer to as Acute Blood Loss (ABL).
According to World health organization, (WHO), when hemoglobins of man dropped below 13g/dl and woman dropped below 12g/dl, it said to be anaemia.
Anaemia is generally defined as shortage of blood below it recommended or Normal range.
Anaemia are classify into two, which are Acute Anaemia and Chronic Anaemia.
Acute Anaemia said to have take place when there is abrupt dropped of RBC, mostly cause by hemolysis or hemorrhage.
Chronic Anaemia anaemia is referred to slow decline of RBCs, which may be caused by Ion or Other nutritional deficiency, drugs-induced, Chronic Disease such as Cancer, HIV and others cause.
Anaemia of Chronic disease
Anaemia is simply shortage of Red Blood Cells, RBCs in the body system.
Since ion help circulating Oxygen we takes in and expelled unwanted carbon dioxide in our body, with shortage of these substance, it will affect respiration thereby led to difficult in breathing.
Ion, refer to Hematin which is one of the essential component that make whole bloods.
Anaemia can be caused I’m many ways.
When some has a deep, it will lead to blood if not quickly arrests, will cause Anemia.
Anaemia of Chronic disease is a type of Anaemia that results due to chronic diseases.
Is sometimes call Anemia of inflammation, most expecially, type of anemia that affects people who have conditions that cause inflammation.
such as infections such as HIV infection, autoimmune diseases, cancer link, and chronic kidney disease (CKD).
What is Aplastic Anaemia?
Anaemia simple mean shortage of Red Blood Cells in the body system.
Anaemia don’t just happened, there are roots cause of it.
One of the roots causes despite it is rear, but still possible is stoppage of red blood production in the body system.
When Bones marrow stop production of red blood cells, the condition often lead to Anaemia called Aplastic Anaemia.
Below are some of the major disorder of red blood cells:
2. Hemoglobinopathies ( Thalassemias and Abnormal hemoglobins).
3. Disorder due to red enzyme defects, e.g. G6PD deficiency
4. Disorder due to red cell membrane defect, e.g hereditary spherocytosis.
Red Cells called erythrocytes form major cellular component of blood, i.e. Red Cells form about 45 percent of total volume of blood in adults, it give blood it reds colour.
Each litre of blood contains about 5 x 10exp12 red Cells, but the exact number different with sex, age, gender and state of health.
Lymphoid stem cells divide to form lymphoid progenitor cells which differentiate into B and T lymphocytes. early Development of B lymphocytes take place in the born marrow and lymphoid tissues and development of T lymphocytes take place in the thymus.
Bady can’t function without energy.
The energy is the blood in our body.
Blood in our body is produced by a component of bone called Bone marrow.
We have red bone marrow and yellow bone marrow.
Red Bone Marrow.
Red bone marrow responsible for Red blood cells production.
Yellow bone marrow
Yellow bone marrow responsible for White blood cells production.
Production of all blood types in our body is called Haematopoiesis.
Hematology it simple mean study of blood.
Medical Laboratory has different types of branch.
Hematology is one of the branch specially in the study of blood.
quality control in medical Laboratory come after conclusion of investigation.
In order to maintain health standard guidelines, quality assurance must be there to.
Quality assurance in the post analytical stage includes:
Reporting and verifying Haematological test results.
Taking appropriate actions when a result has serious clinical implications.
Ensuring test results are interpreted correctly and adequate records are kept.
Here are the basics test request in Haematological department.
1. Blood Pregnancy Test (HCG)
2. Urine Pregnancy Test (HCG)
3. Full Blood Count (FBC)
4. Pack Cell Volume (PCV)
5. Blood Grouping.
6. Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
8. Widal test.
9. HIV Screening.
10. HBSA Screening etc