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What is Hypercalcemia?

Hypercalcemia as the name imply is excess of Calcium in the body system.

That is, there are present of Calcium above the normal or reference range in the blood cells.

High level of Calcium (Hypercalcemia) are often found in the following conditions; hypothyroidism, cancer metastases in bones, alkalosis (diet for peptic ulcer) hypervitaminosis.

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What is Hypocalcemia?

The opposite of Hypercalcemia is Hypocalcemia.

It a condition when the present of Calcium in the blood cells doesn’t reach the Normal or Reference range.

Lower level of Calcium in the blood is called Hypocalcemia.

Often Hypocalcemia are found in the following conditions; hypoparathyroidism, Rickets, chronic glomerulonephritis, acute pancreatitis and malabsorption syndrome.

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What is Cholesterol?

Unsaturated steroid alcohol in our blood cells is called Cholesterol.

70 to 80 percent of cholesterol in the plasma are esterified with long chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, why 20 to 30 percent exist as free unesterified cholesterol.

Function of Cholesterol

Metabolic precursor for the biosynthesis of bile acids, and steroids hormones, includes male and female sex steroids (androgen and oestrogens) and adrenal steroid hormones ( aldosterones and corticosterone, are the major function of Cholesterol.

Liver, ovaries, testes and adrenal glands synthesise these hormones using cholesterol as the main precursor.

Cholesterol is a major structural components of cell membranes.

As results of it insurability in water, Cholesterol can also help control flow of water soluble products in and out of cells.

In human, 60 to 70 percent of Cholesterol is transported by low density lipoprotein, (LDL), 20 to 35 percent by High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), and 5 to 12 percent by very low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL).

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What is Phospholipid?

Phospholipids are biochemical compound or substance made up of combination of lipids and phosphate.

The substance are ester of glycerol with two fatty acyl group and phosphotidic acid.

Phospholipids has similar chemical structure with triglycerides.

Phospholipids main groups in plasma are; Sphingomyelin, Lecithin and Cephalins.

Phospholipids are one of the important component of plasma membrane.

It is responsible in carrying hydrophobic and hydrophilic charges on their molecules, as such serve as a channels for good interface between highly charged water molecules and neutral lipids for movements of molecules across the membrane.

25 percent Equivalent of phospholipids are moved by Low density lipoprotein, (LDL) 30 percent are moved by High Density Lipoprotein, (HDL) and about 20 percent and moved by Very low density lipoprotein, (VLDL).