Antimicrobial drugs of clinical importance

Antimicrobial drugs may be antibiotics, which are produced by living microorganism, or chemical antimicrobial which are synthetic chemical compound.

Commonly used Antibiotics

Commonly used antibiotics include the penicillin, cephalosporins, aminoglycoside, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, polymixins, in rifampicin, erythromycin, fusidic acid, clindamycin and vancomycin. Griseofulvin and amphotericin antifungal antibiotics.

Common Synthetic Antibiotics

The common synthetic antimicrobial as a sulfonamide, trimethoprim, clotrimoxazole, nitrofurantoin, nalidixic acid, metronidazole, P- Aminosalicylic acid, ioniazid, ethambutol and thiosemicarbazone. Nystatin, Flucytosine and imidazole are chemical antifungal agents.

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