There are certain medications that may be prescribed to men with low sperm count (oligospermia) to help improve their fertility. These medications may work by increasing the production of hormones that stimulate the testes to produce more sperm or by directly improving the quality and quantity of sperm.
Some of the commonly prescribed medications for low sperm count include:
- Clomiphene citrate: This medication is usually prescribed to women to help induce ovulation, but it can also be used in men to increase the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which in turn stimulate the testes to produce more sperm.
- Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG): This hormone is similar in structure to LH and is sometimes used in combination with clomiphene citrate to stimulate sperm production.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists: These medications work by decreasing the production of testosterone, which can help increase sperm production in some men.
- Antioxidant supplements: Antioxidants such as vitamin E, vitamin C, and coenzyme Q10 have been shown to improve sperm quality and quantity in some studies.
It is important to note that the effectiveness of these medications can vary depending on the underlying cause of low sperm count, and they should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding tobacco and alcohol, and reducing stress may also be recommended to help improve fertility.